What Will my Child Learn at Key Stage 1?

What Will my Child Learn at Key Stage 1?

Staring primary school is a big step for both children and parents, with lots of new children and adults for kids to meet and lots of new rules and processes to get used to. Most importantly though, starting primary school means beginning compulsory education and following a set curriculum in a number of subjects. It’s very few of us that can remember what we learned in our first year of primary school, and so some parents may worry about what our children will and won’t be learning in their first few years. We’ve given a rough outline of what your child’s teacher is likely to cover in the classroom during years 1 and 2 of primary school.

Core subjects:

There are 11 core subjects that your child will come into contact with during Key Stage 1 including Maths, English, Science, ICT, Design and technology, History, Geography, Art and design, Music, PE and RE. With the exception of RE, these are all compulsory topics that will run alongside areas of learning such as personal, social and health education (PSHE), citizenship and foreign languages.


Your child’s teacher will introduce mathematics with practical and hands on methods, using everyday objects to solve problems and do simple calculations. Working individually, in groups and as a class, your child will learn to think and talk about the methods they use.

Key skills your child will start to explore:
  1. Adding, subtracting, dividing, multiplying
  2. Counting, reading and writing up to 20
  3. Odd and even numbers
  4. Recognising, using and naming shapes
  5. Simple mental maths
  6. Measuring and weighing
  7. Using money
  8. Angles and line of symmetry
  9. Tables and graphs
  10. Telling the time
  11. Recognising and using maths symbols


Stories, poems, fairytales and non-fiction books will all be used during key stage 1, exploring imaginary worlds, other cultures and familiar settings. Guided reading will help your child continue to progress; reading with a teacher or in small groups in order to share ideas and help understanding of new ideas and words. Phonetics, handwriting and taking part in group discussions will also be an influential part of your child’s development.

Key skills your child will start to explore:
  1. Letters of the alphabet
  2. Using phonetics to read unfamiliar words
  3. Creating pieces with a beginning/middle/end
  4. Reading and writing non-fiction
  5. How to hold a pencil correctly
  6. Forming lower and upper case letters
  7. Speaking and listening
  8. Describing characters and plot
  9. Basic punctuation and syllables

Visit our Educational Books page for further support for you and your child during Key Stage 1.

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