How Might My Child Change During Key Stage 4?

How Might My Child Change During Key Stage 4?


Key stage 4 is a vital stage in your child’s education, where they will be able to apply all knowledge and skills learned during school to their final exams. Learning will involve table-top learning and discussions, with the expectation that your child will contribute to both. During year 10, many pupils will carry out coursework as part of their GCSE grade for particular subjects, including English and Maths. Then, during year 11, there will be standard homework, however a large emphasis will be put on revision, with your child expected to carry out independent revision sessions mostly every day leading up to exams.

Most schools offer group revision sessions for pupils to take advantage of. By Key Stage 4, your child should know how to work independently, taking control of their own education in order to get the best results from their final exams.


Your child will change drastically between the ages of 14 and 16, both mentally and physically. They will want to be more independent and may push the boundaries to see what they can get away with. It’s not uncommon for them to think they are invincible and not want to rely on family to support them. Although there may be times where it is best to be lenient with them, you must set limits and rules based on your child’s level of maturity. Clearly state your rules and follow through on them; but understand that your teens are still learning so may need to be given several chances. Teens this age will continue to explore their image, politics, clothes and music, and will develop an increased interest in the opposite sex. They will also think more independently about work and their future, so it’s a good idea to encourage and engage in both of these whenever possible.

Odd behaviour to look out for

It is likely your child will be exposed to new issues such as sex, tobacco, alcohol and drugs, especially if they have older friends. It’s important to approach such issues in a matter-of-fact way, encouraging them to talk to you if they feel they need to. Physically, girls will be near to fully-developed and they may be concerned with issues such as weight and body image. During this time lots of girls choose to diet, so if you notice your daughter doing so it’s a good idea to keep a subtle eye on what they are eating to ensure they aren’t making drastic choices. Boys will be close to fully-developed and will continue to gain muscle and height and may start to become concerned with their physique. Whilst a concern with body image is quite normal at this age, be aware of signs that this is becoming a fixation, such as extreme dieting, excessive exercise or comments that reflect a low self esteem.

Visit our Educational Books page for further support for you and your child during Key Stage 4.

Key Stage 4 Further Reading: What Will my Child Learn at Key Stage 4
What Do I Need to Know About Exams During Key Stage 4 How Can I Help My Child During Key Stage 4

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